Second home and multiple residence in Spain: a socio-demographic approach
The article analyses the influence of several sociodemographic factors in the tendency to possess a second home in Spain, based on the 1991 census data.
By analysing the data of the population who have a second home
in Spain, the influence of several socio-demographic factors in
this phenomenon is discussed in order to reveal stable patterns in
users of multiple residences. In particular, the investigation
assesses the importance of geographical factors, such as the region
in Spain and the size of the cities, as well as demographical ones
(age, home type, socio-economic category and migratory history).
The statistical analysis is based on the data of the Spanish 1991
population and housing census and socio-demographic survey.
According to 1991 data, socio-economic category is the most
defining factor in the possession of a second home; the number of
high-class families that use multiple residences is three times
bigger than low-class ones. Other essential factors are the size of
the town of residence (second homes are more frequent in bigger
cities) and the age and stage in the family life cycle. Lastly, the
presence of children and the condition of emigrant also have a
certain influence in the possession of multiple residences.
Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
Julián López Colás (Researcher, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics)
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