The rebuilding of a district hit by a disaster - Enschede, the Netherlands
On 13 May 2000, the firework store of SE Fireworks exploded in the Enschede district of Roombeek. Based on the so-called ‘Three Pillars of Urban Policy II’(de drie pijlers van grotestedenbeleid II), Enschede developed a plan for there building of Roombeek. The plan features strong consumer-orientated area and project development. The aim is to create a lasting "state of the art" district with broadband and a great deal of water.
How do you ensure that the rebuilding of a district that has been hit by a disaster proceeds in such a way that the town’s life is revived to a level thatwas better than ever before?
Three aspects of rebuilding are distinguished:
- Enschede is monitoring things closely with a ‘victims monitor’.
- The Information and Advice Centre for Firework Disaster Aftercare (IAC) ensures good contact with the victims.
- A registration system helps the IAC to, for example, work in a customer-friendly manner.
- The IAC published a monthly paper to keep interested parties informed.
- In 2005, large-scale events were organised to give the district a lively start.
- Enschede contributes (financially) by providing help and guidance to entrepreneurs who were affected.
- Financial support for the affected entrepreneurs who return to Roombeek.
- Enschede creates high-quality job opportunities in the culture, health care and technology sectors.
- Working-at-home and housing-work plots will be built.
- Broadband infrastructure will be laid.
- The people affected will have a concrete impact on the reconstruction of the district and their future.
- In consultation with (old) residents, plans were made so that all those affected could return.
- Former residents could commission their own new houses themselves. Three construction consultancies supported the residents in this.
- New groups will be attracted to the area to create a more balanced composition of the population.
- High-quality public areas will be created.
- Space has been reserved for a monument.
A green, lively and mixed district with future value, in which returning and new residents can find their own niche.
City of Enschede
F. de Groot