Public Private Partnership in Enabling Shelter Strategies
Public, Commercial Private and Non-Profit Private sector partnerships for urban development and housing.
Three cases of successful partnerships from both developed and developing country cities are evaluated to assess the role and contribution of operational partnership arrangements among the various actors in the shelter-provision and -improvement process. The theoretical justifications for such partnerships are developed by outlining the comparative advantages of each sector individually and arguing the synergetic impact if such sectors are interlinked. While experiences of partnerships in developed countries gave background lessons, analyzing successful partnerships in the developing countries threw some light to the reasons of their success and the remarked failure in being unaffordable to the urban poor. It is concluded that public-third sector partnerships are the most effective to address the poorest 30% of income ladder while public private partnership can cater for the rest. Public private partnerships proved potent in installing major infrastructures and basic services if the state has able mechanisms of regulation.
- The Canadian case is a project level mixed partnerships arrangement between public, private and third sectors.
- The Turkish case is a public third sector partnership at programme level which included the local government and housing cooperatives.
- The Philippines case is a public private partnership between
central and local government and private sector.
- Public-Third sector
- Public-Private or joint venture
- Private-Third sector
- Mixed Partnership or Public-Private-Third sector
Very few public private partnerships in either the industrialized or developing countries have managed to achieve results on significant scale. Thus establishing partnerships should not be considered as a panacea for the shelter problems facing the urban poor. However, in some circumstances, effective partnerships can increase the affordable shelter options for the low-income groups. In fact integrated partnerships, that address various aspects of shelter like land and finance, are more effective than isolated treatment of each issue. At the moment the subject of partnerships for shelter provision is a less researched area despite the immense potential it offers.
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