2005 report of the National Observatory of the Critical Urban Areas
The 2005 report of the National observatory of the critical urban areas reviews the situation of disadvantaged neighbourhoods as regards residential mobility, employment and unemployment, crime, housing, health, education and local finances.
The observations of the 2005 report confirm what already
appeared in the review for 2004: an accumulation of problems of the
same nature but also a wide diversity of situations from one
critical urban area (ZUS) to another and, no doubt, within the same
ZUS. Income, crime, employment and unemployment, amenities,
settlement changes, resources and responsibilities of communes, all
characteristics of ZUS but to differing degrees.
Created by the planning and programming law for cities and
urban renewal of 1st August 2003, the National observatory of the
critical urban areas has the task of measuring the trend in social
inequalities and development discrepancies in ZUS. Every year, a
report is to be drawn up which will be the subject of a national
debate on urban policy, its trends, its priorities, and the means
used. The Observatory’s first report was produced in 2004.
First of all this report highlights the emphasis of
residential mobility in critical urban areas. It also emerges that
economic and social difficulties remain in the ZUS. In the field of
employment, the unemployment rate was around 21% in 2004, i.e.
twice the national average. ZUS comprise half as many medical
establishments on average as within their communes or urban units.
These areas are characterized by limited excessive crime in
relation to their environment. Finally, the number of companies
setting up in urban free zones rose by 10% between 2003 and 2004,
with a clear predominance of company service sectors and
construction and transport companies.
interministérielle à la ville (DIV), Observatoire National des
Zones Urbaines Sensibles
Philippe Choffel, tel. +33 1 49 17 45 85
National Observatory of the Critical Urban Areas
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Rapport observatoire 2005
06 Jul 2010, pdf, 364KB
Nationale Beobachtungsstelle Kritischer Stadtteile, Bericht 2005 (German)
06 Jul 2010, pdf, 324KB